18th World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2010 - WHEC 2010
Parallel Sessions Book 1:
Fuel Cell Basics / Fuel Infrastructures

WHEC, May 16.-21. 2010, Essen

Detlef Stolten, Thomas Grube (Eds.)

Institute of Energy Research - Fuel Cells (IEF-3)

Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Zentralbibliothek, Verlag
Schriften des Forschungszentrums Jülich / Energy & Environment Vol. 78-1

978-3-89336-651-4 / 1866-1793

FC Fuel Cell Basics

FC.1 Electrochemistry of PEM Fuel Cells

Electrocatalysis and Catalyst Degradation Challenges in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 
H.A. Gasteiger, D.R. Baker, R.N. Carter, W. Gu, Y. Liu, F.T. Wagner, P.T. Yu  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3837 3
On-line In-situ Diagnostics of Processes within PEM Fuel Cells by the Application of a Raman Fiber Technique 
H. Bettermann, P. Fischer  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3839 5
Challenge of Non-precious Metal Oxide-Based Cathode for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell 
A. Ishihara, K. Matsuzawa, S. Mitsushima, K.-I. Ota  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3840 11
Relationship between Degradation of Pt/C and Property of Electrolyte for PEFCs 
S. Mitsushima, K. Shinkoda, F. Hiraoka, K. Matsuzawa, K.-I. Ota  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3841 19
PEMFC Cathode Catalyst Degradation: Model Study on the Stability and ORR Performance of Pt/C and PtCo/C Electrocatalysts 
L.C. Colmenares, Z. Jusys, R.J. Behm, M. Lennartz  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3842 25
Fuel Starvation: Irreversible Degradation Mechanisms in PEM Fuel Cells 
C.M. Rangel, R.A. Silva, M.A. Travassos, T.I. Paiva, V.R. Fernandes  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3843 31
Origin of Diffusion Impedance at the Cathode of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell 
J. Mainka, G. Maranzana, J. Dillet, S. Didierjean, O. Lottin  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3844 37
Investigating the Impact of Liquid Water in a PEFC by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy 
D. Gerteisen, R. Alink  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3845 45
Internal Currents in PEMFC during Start-up or Shut-down 
G. Maranzana, O. Lottin, C. Moyne, J. Dillet, A. Lamibrac, J. Mainka, S. Didierjean  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3846 51
AQUIVION™ – The Short-Side-Chain and Low-EW PFSA for Next Generation PEFCs Expands Production and Utilization 
Matthias Gebert  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3847 59


Spatially Resolved Impedance Spectroscopy in PEM Fuel Cells up to 200 °C 
A. Bergmann, T. Kurz, D. Gerteisen, C. Hebling  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3848 65
Computational Modeling of Carbon Corrosion in PEM Fuel Cells 
H.-W. Mindt, K. Jain, A. Gidwani, S. Kumar  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3849 71
Evaluation of Power Performance of Small Free-Breathing Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 
K. Nakashima, T. Sawai, A. Mitani, S. Ishihara, Y. Murakami  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3850 79
Power Performance of Small Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells under Various Humidification Conditions 
K. Nakashima, A. Mitani, T. Sawai, S. Ishihara, Y. Murakami  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3851 87

FC.2 PEM/ HT-PEM Fuel Cells: Electrolytes, Stack Components

High-Temperature PEM Fuel Cells: Electrolytes, Cells, and Stacks 
C. Wannek  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3852 97
Development of Low Platinum Catalytic Layers for PEM Fuel Cells 
E. R. Savinova, P. S. Ruvinsky, S. N. Pronkin, A. Bonnefont  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3853 99
Alternative Electrocatalyst Support Materials for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells: Semiconducting Oxides and Carbon Nanofibers 
K. Sasaki, F. Takasaki, Y. Shiratori, Z. Noda  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3854 103
Cell Resistances of ABPBI-Based HT-PEFC-MEAs: Time Dependence and Influence of Operating Parameters 
W. Lehnert, K. Wippermann, C. Wannek  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3855 109
Ongoing Efforts Addressing Degradation of High Temperature PEMFC 
J.O. Jensen, Q. Li, C. Pan, N.J. Bjerrum, H.C. Rudbeck, T. Steenberg  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3856 115
Characterization of Membranes for Fuel Cell Applications: Challenges in Translating Ex-situ Properties into In-situ Performance 
O. Conradi  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3857 121
Experience in Stack Development for High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells 
P. Beckhaus, J. Burfeind, G. Bandlamudi, A. Heinzel  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3858 125
Validation of a HTPEMFC Stack for CHP Applications 
S. Pasupathi, Ø. Ulleberg, P. Bujlo, J. Scholta  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3859 131


Modular Fuel Cell System 
M. Brodmann, M. Greda  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3860 137
Preparation and Characterization of Nafion/ Titanium Dioxide Nanocomposite Membranes for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 
I. Eroglu, Y. Devrim, S. Erkan, N. Bac  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3861 141
CarbonNanoTubes (CNT) in Bipolar Plates for PEM Fuel Cell Applications 
M. Grundler, T. Derieth, P. Beckhaus, A. Heinzel  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3862 147
Multilayered Proton-Electron Conductive Polymer Membrane for Fuel Cells 
J. Hodakovska, G. Chikvaidze, J. Kleperis  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3863 153
A Compact, Open-cathode HTPEM Fuel Cell Module for Portable Applications 
T. Kurz, J. Keller  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3864 159
Application Segmented Cell for In-situ Detection and Controlling the Stability of PEM Fuel Cell 
R. Lin, J.X. Ma, H. Sander, E. Gülzow, A.K. Friedrich  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3865 165
Analysis of the Influence of a Filter for Traffic-related Gaseous and chaptericulate Contaminants on PEMFC 
U. Misz, J. Burfeind, P. Beckhaus, A. Heinzel  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3866 171
Soft Switching PWM Isolated Boost Converter for Fuel cell Application 
M. Rezaei  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3867 177
Optimization of Thermal Management in High Temperature Fuel Cells 
J. Varfolomeeva, C. Mueller, H. Reinecke  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3868 185

FC.3 Direct Fuel Cells

Current Status of and Recent Developments in Direct Liquid Fuel Cells 
J. Mergel, A. Glüsen, C. Wannek  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3869 195
Conditions for Autonomy of a DMFC System 
F. Zenith, U. Krewer  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3870 197
Direct Converting Low Temperature Bio-Ethanol Fuel Cells 
C. Cremers, D. Bayer, J. Meier, F. Jung, B. Kintzel, J. Tübke  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3871 203
Effect of the Impurities in Methanol Fuel on the Performance of MEA for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell 
D.-H. Peck, Y.-C. Park, B.-R. Lee, D.-H. Jung  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3872 213
Manufacturing Technologies for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFCs) 
A. Glüsen, M. Müller, N. Kimiaie, I. Konradi, J. Mergel, D. Stolten  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3873 219
Applying Methanol Vapor in Passive Planar DMFC as Micro Power Sources 
X. Tian, T. Jungmann, G. Sandris, C. Hebling  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3874 227
A Novel Power Generation System Based on Combination of Hydrogen and Direct Carbon Fuel Cells for Decentralized Applications 
N. Muradov, F. Smith, P. Choi, G. Bokerman  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3875 233


Durability of MEA Prepared with PFA-g-PSSA Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell 
D.-H. Peck, S. Kang, B.-R. Lee, D.-H. Jung  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3876 239
Combined Local Current Distribution Measurements and High Resolution Neutron Radiography of Operating Direct Methanol Fuel Cells 
A. Schröder, K. Wippermann, T. Sanders, T. Arlt  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3877 245

FC.4 High-Temperature Fuel CellsDirect Fuel Cells

High-Temperature Fuel Cell Technology 
G.P.G. Corre, J.T.S. Irvine  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3878 253
Evaluation of the Electrical Contact Area at the SOFC Cathode 
V.A.C. Haanappel, I.C. Vinke, L.G.J. de Haart, D. Stolten  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3879 255
Learning Curves for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 
R. Rivera-Tinoco, K. Schoots, B.C.C. van der Zwaan  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3880 263
Development of Fe-Ni/YSZ-GDC Electro-catalysts for Application as SOFC Anodes: XRD and TPR Characterization, and Evaluation in Ethanol Steam Reforming Reaction 
R. da Paz Fiuza, M.A. da Silva, J.S. Boaventura  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3881 273
Electro-catalysts for Hydrogen Production from Ethanol for Use in SOFC Anodes 
M.A. da Silva, R. da Paz Fiuza, B.C. Guedes, L.A. Pontes, J.S. Boaventura  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3882 281


Preparation of Anode-electrolyte Structures Using Graphite, Sodium Bicarbonate or Citric Acid as Pore Forming Agents for Application in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 
R. da Paz Fiuza, M.A. da Silva, B.C. Guedes, L.A. Pontes, J.S. Boaventura  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3883 287

FC.5 Advanced Modelling

Advanced Modeling in Fuel Cell Systems: A Review of Modeling Approaches 
M. M. Mench  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3884 299
Hierarchical 3D Multiphysics Modelling in the Design and Optimisation of SOFC System Components 
M. Peksen, Ro. Peters, L. Blum, D. Stolten  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3885 301
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell and Biomass Gasification Systems for Better Efficiency and Environmental Impact 
C. Ozgur Colpan, F. Hamdullahpur, I. Dincer  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3886 305
Systematic Assay of the Influence of Current Ripples on Polymer Electrolyte Membrane(s) in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells 
M. Stark, G. Krost, S. Gössling, P. Beckhaus  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3887 315
Simulation of Multiphase Transport Phenomena in PEMFC Involving Water Phase Change 
M.A. Khan, J. Yuan, B. Sundén  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3888 325


Dynamic Modeling of the Water Balance in the Cathode Gas Diffusion Layer of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells 
D. Fofana, K. Agbossou, Y. Dubé, J. Hamelin  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3889 331
A Two-Fluid Model for Water Transport in a PEM Fuel Cell 
H.-W. Mindt, K. Jain, C. Bapat, J. Vernon Cole  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3890 337

HI Fuel Infrastructures

HI.1 Hydrogen Distribution Technologies

Hydrogen Distribution Infrastructure for an Energy System: Present Status and Perspectives of Technologies 
F. Barbier  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3891 345
Challenges with the Largest Commercial Hydrogen Station in the World 
T. Charbonneau, P. Gauthier  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3892 347
Polymer Pipes for Distributing Mixtures of Hydrogen and Natural Gas: Evolution of their Transport and Mechanical Properties after an Ageing under an Hydrogen Environment 
M.-H. Klopffer, P. Berne, S. Castagnet, M. Weber, G. Hochstetter, E. Espuche  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3893 353
Automatic Refuel Coupling for Liquid Hydrogen Tank Trailers 
M. Boersch, F. Holdener  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3894 361
icefuel® – An Infrastructure System for Cryogenic Hydrogen Storage, Distribution and Decentral Use 
G. Markowz, A. Dylla, T. Elliger  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3895 365
Enabling the Hydrogen Infrastructure - Waste Hydrogen Utilization in North Rhine-Westphalia 
B. Jermer, C. Krause  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3896 373
Nippon Oil’s Activities toward Realization of Hydrogen Society 
K. Nakagawa, J. Okazaki, Y. Kobori, H. Iki  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3897 377


Chemical Hydrogen Compression by MH-NH3 System 
T. Ichikawa, H. Miyaoka, Y. Kojima  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3898 383
Field Test of Hydrogen in the Natural Gas Grid 
H. Iskov, M. Backman, H.P. Nielsen  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3899 389
Advances in Hydrogen Refuelling Stations 
J. Macron, L. Damongeot, F. Barbier, T. Charbonneau  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3900 393

HI.2 Hydrogen Deployment

Air Liquide Roadmap for Hydrogen Energy 
E. Prades  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3901 399
Business Case Hydrogen Infrastructure 
C. Stiller, J. Michalski, U. Bünger  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3902 405
Techno-Economics of Distributed Generation and Storage of Solar Hydrogen 
T. Cockerill, M. Contestabile  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3903 413
The Implementation of SAE J2601: Hydrogen Fuelling Protocol Guideline for Demonstration Projects 
J. Schneider, J. Klugman, B. Boyd, J. Ward  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3904 419


HI.3 Fuel Provision for Early Market Applications

Fuel Provision for Early Market Applications 
M. Fischedick, A. Pastowski  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3905 425
Integration of Fuel Cells Systems into Chlor Alkali Plants: The Chlorine Industry Perspective 
A. Delfrate, C. Schmitt  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3906 427
Hydrogen Refuelling Station Hamburg HafenCity 
D. Hustadt, O. Weinmann  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3907 433
The Hydrogen Valley within the Ruhr Metropolis 
V. Lindner, E. Grün, F. Nosczyk, J.W. Kuhlmann  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3908 437


Revamping of Existent Chlor-alkali Plants for Conversion of Hydrogen to Electricity, Hydrogen Community Germination Step 
I. Ioan, P. Laurentiu, I. Mihaela, A. Delfrate  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3909 443