18th World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2010 - WHEC 2010
Parallel Sessions Book 3:
Hydrogen Production Technologies - Part 2

WHEC, May 16.-21. 2010, Essen

Detlef Stolten, Thomas Grube (Eds.)

Institute of Energy Research - Fuel Cells (IEF-3)

Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Zentralbibliothek, Verlag
Schriften des Forschungszentrums Jülich / Energy & Environment Vol. 78-3

978-3-89336-653-8 / 1866-1793

HP Hydrogen Production Technologies – Part 2

HP.3a Hydrogen from Renewable Electricity

Hydrogen Production: Fundamentals and Case Study Summaries 
K.W. Harrison, R. Remick, G.D. Martin, A. Hoskin  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3970 3
Wind-Hydrogen-Biomass – The Hybrid Power Plant of ENERTRAG AG 
A. Miege, T. Luschtinetz, M. Wenske, F. Gamallo  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3971 5
Clean Hydrogen Production in Patagonia Argentina 
S. Raballo, J. Llera, A. Pérez, J. C. Bolcich  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3972 11


Study of Hydrogen Production from Wind Power in Algeria 
L. Aiche-Hamane, M. Belhamel, B. Benyoucef, M. Hamane  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3973 17
Novel Electric Generator Using Electroactive Polymer Artificial Muscle (EPAM) 
S. Chiba, R. Kornbluh, R. Pelrine, M. Waki  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3974 23
A Renewable Energy Based Hydrogen Demonstration Park in Turkey – HYDEPARK 
N. İlhan, A. Ersöz, M. Çubukçu  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3975 31
Analysis of the Impact of Hydrogen on Wind Power 
D. Krieg, Th. Grube, D. Stolten  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3976 39
H2 Production in Sotavento Wind Farm 
M. Rey Porto, T. Carretero, M. Aguado, R. Garde  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3977 45
Project RH2-WKA – Making Wind Energy a Steady Power Source 
M. Weiße  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3978 53

HP.3b High-Temperature Electrolysis

High-Temperature Water Electrolysis Using Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology: a Review 
M. Zahid, J. Schefold, A. Brisse  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3979 63
Recent Progress in the Development of Solid Oxide Electrolyzers at ECN 
J. P. Ouweltjes, L. Berkeveld, B. Rietveld  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3980 65
Durability and Efficiency of High Temperature Steam Electrolysis as Studied in the RelHy Project 
F. Lefebvre-Joud, A. Brisse, J. Bowen, P. Ouweltjes  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3981 77
Research Progress of HTSE for Hydrogen Production Using Planar SOEC Technology at INET 
Y. Bo, Z. Wenqiang, X. Jingming  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3982 83


Impact of the Heat Source Selection on the High Temperature Electrolysis Performances and Economic Competitiveness 
R. Rivera Tinoco, C. Mansilla, C. Bouallou  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3983 91

HP.3c Alkaline Electrolysis

Alkaline Electrolysis – Introduction and Overview 
D. Stolten, D. Krieg  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3984 97
Hydrogen Evolution on Ni Electrode during Synthetic Tap Water Electrolysis 
Y. Petrov, F. de Bruijn, J.-P. Schosger, Z. Stoynov  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3985 99
Study of SO2-Depolarized Water Electrolysis 
A. Lokkiluoto, M. Gasik, T. Kuikka  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3986 105
Flexible Production of Hydrogen from Sun and Wind: Challenges and Experiences 
H. J. Fell, P. Chladek, O. Wallevik, S. T. Briskeby  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3987 113


Photovoltaic Hydrogen Production with Commercial Alkaline Electrolysers 
A. Ursúa, J. López, E. Gubía, L. Marroyo, P. Sanchis  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3988 119

HP.3d PEM Electrolysis

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Water Electrolysis 
T. Smolinka, S. Rau, C. Hebling  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3989 131
A Review and Current Evaluation of a Decade of Concentrated PEM Fuel Cell Development at Hydrogenics 2000 to 2010 
M. Kammerer  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3990 133
Recent Advances in the Development of Unitized Regenerative Fuel cells based on PEM technology 
A. Ranjbari, P. Millet, S. Grigoriev, V. Fateev  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3991 139


New Composite Membranes for Application in a PEM Electrolyser 
J. Ferre, S. Mollá, J. Calleja, L. Zubizarreta  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3992 145
PEM Electrolyzer with Nano-structured Electrodes for High Efficient Hydrogen Production 
S. Rau, J. Colom Tomás, T. Smolinka, R.E. Fuentes, J.W. Weidner  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3993 151

HP.4a Reforming and Gasification - Fossil Energy Carriers

Reforming and Gasification – Fossil Energy Carriers 
J. Rostrup-Nielsen  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3994 159
Hydrogen Production by Supercritical Water Gasification of Alkaline Black Liquor 
C. Cao, L. Guo, Y. Chen, Y. Lu  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3995 161
Environmental Impact Comparison of Steam Methane Reformation and Thermochemical Processes of Hydrogen Production 
G. F. Naterer, O. Jaber, I. Dincer  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3996 169
Upscaling of a 500 kW Solar Gasification Plant 
A. Vidal, T. Denk, L. Steinfeld, L. Zacarías  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3997 177
RWE’s IGCC-CCS-Project – A Way towards a Coal-based Hydrogen Technology 
D. Keller, J. Ewers, F. Schwendig  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3998 183
Coal Gasification for Hydrogen Production Using Nuclear Energy 
W. von Lensa, K. Verfondern  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/3999 191
Hydrogen Production by Thermal Cracking of Methane – Investigation of Reaction Conditions 
M. Wullenkord , K.-H. Funken, C. Sattler, R. Pitz-Paal  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4000 199
Development of Fuel Cell Systems for Aircraft Applications Based on Synthetic Fuels 
J. Pasel, R.C. Samsun, F. Scharf, C. Döll, R. Peters, D. Stolten  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4001 205
Fuel Cell Methanol Reformer System for Submarines 
S. Krummrich  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4002 213
Versatile Fuel Processor for Oxidative Steam Reforming and Catalytic Partial Oxidation of Various Liquid Fuels 
T. Aicher, R. Szolak, L. Griesser  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4003 219
Integration of a Natural Gas Fuel Processor for Residential PEM Fuel Cell Based Micro Cogeneration Application 
N. İlhan, A. Ersöz, G. Nezihi Özyönüm, M. Baranak  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4004 225
Mass-Production Issues of Micro-structured Fuel Processors for Distributed Energy Generation 
G. Kolb, H. Pennemann, D. Tiemann  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4005 233
Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Solar Steam Reforming Assisted by Molten Salts 
A. Giaconia, I. Labach, G. Caputo, S. Sau  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4006 237


Ordered Mesoporous Carbons as Catalysts with Remarkable Activity and Stability for Hydrogen Production without CO2 Emissions by CH4 Decomposition 
J.A. Botas, D.P. Serrano, P. Pizarro, G. Gómez  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4007 243
A Redox Cycle Approach for the Production of H2 by Two-step Methanol Reforming 
S. Cocchi, F. Cavani, S. Passeri, M. Comito  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4008 249
Hydrogen Production from Coal and Biomass Co-gasification Process with Carbon Capture and Storage 
C.-C. Cormos, S. Agachi  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4009 255
Water Gas Shift Reaction over Magnetite-based Catalysts in Membrane Reactor Conditions 
J. Dufour, C. Martos, A. Ruiz  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4010 263
Carriers Selective Methanation of CO in CO2–rich feed Gases on Supported Ru Catalysts 
S. Eckle, H. G. Anfang, R.J. Behm  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4011 271
Hydrogen Production from Reformate Gas by a Cyclic Water Gas Shift Reactor 
C. Hertel, P. Heidebrecht, L. Rihko-Struckmann, K. Sundmacher  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4012 277
Investigations on Steam Reforming Catalysts for Diesel Fuel 
M. Maximini, T. Huck, R. Wruck, K. Lucka  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4013 283
Catalytic Gasification of Glycerol in Supercritical Water for Hydrogen Production 
D. Montané, A. May, Joan Salvadó  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4014 291
Reforming of Diesel Fuel for Hydrogen Production over Catalysts Derived from LaCo0.8M0.2O3 (M = Ni, Ru, Fe, Ga) 
N. Mota , M.C. Álvarez-Galván, F. Rosa, J.L.G. Fierro, R.M. Navarro  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4015 299
Catalytic Processing of High-Sulfur Fuels for Distributed Hydrogen Production 
N. Muradov, K. Ramasamy, C. Huang, A. T-Raissi  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4016 305
Obtaining Pure Hydrogen from Natural Gas Pyrolysis by Redox Processes 
J.A. Peña, V. Ferreira, A. Marin, P. Duran, E. Romero, J. Herguido  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4017 311
Low Temperature Hydrogen Production from Ethanol over Cerium and Cickel Based Oxyhydrides 
C. Pirez, L. Jalowiecki-Duhamel, M. Capron, F. Dumeignil  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4018 315
Optimum Temperature Policy for Sorption Enhanced Steam Methane Reforming Process for Hydrogen Production 
R. Retnamma, V. Ravi Kumar, B.D. Kulkarni  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4019 321
Hydrogen Production from Natural Gas Thermal Cracking: Design and Test of a Pilot-scale Solar Chemical Reactor 
S. Rodat, S. Abanades, G. Flamant  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4020 331
FLOX® Reformer – Hydrogen for Fuel Cells 
H.-P. Schmid  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4021 337
Design and Development of a 25 kW Diesel Fuel Processor 
D. Sopeña, L. Aldea, R. Navarro, F. Rosa  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4022 343
Development of Hydrogen Production Catalysts from Dimethyl Ether 
K. Takeishi  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4023 349
A Novel Technique for Hydrogen Production from Hog-Manure in Supercritical Partial Oxidation (SCWPO) 
E. A Youssef, G. Nakhla, P. Charpentier, E. Elbeshbishy, H. Hafez  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4024 355

HP.4b Reforming and Gasification – Biomass

Reforming and Gasification – Biomass 
A. Schaadt, S.W. Rapp, C. Hebling  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4025 373
Industrial Scale Hydrogen Production from Biomass via CHOREN’s Unique Carbo-V-process 
J. Vogels  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4026 375
Alkali-promoted Hydrothermal Gasification of Biomass for High Yield/ High Purity Hydrogen Gas (and Methane) Production 
J. Onwudili, P.T. Williams  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4027 381
Green Hydrogen and Natural Gas from Digester Gas of Wastewater Treatment Plants 
B. Teichgräber, A. Kraft, D. Rossol, M. Schröder  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4028 389
Delaminated Zeolites as Support of Active Metals for the Preparation of Highly Active and Selective Catalysts for Hydrogen Production: Steam Reforming of Bioethanol 
A. Chica , J.F. Da Costa-Serra, S. Sayas  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4029 395


Hydrogen Production from Glucose in Ionic Liquids 
D. W. Assenbaum, N. Taccardi, M.E.M. Berger, A. Bösmann, F. Enzenberger, R. Wölfel, P. Wasserscheid  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4030 403
Hydrogen Production by Ethanol Steam Reforming on Ni/SiO2 Catalysts: Effect of Ce and Zr Incorporation 
J.A. Calles, A. Carrero, A.J. Vizcaíno, M. Lindo  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4031 411
The Cycle Use Test of Pt Based Catalyst for the Steam Reforming of Naphthalene/ Benzene as Model Tar Compounds of Biomass Gasification 
T. Furusawa, K. Saito, M. Sato, N. Suzuki  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4032 419
Hydrogen Production by Supercritical Water Gasification of Wastewater from Food Waste Treatment Processes 
I.-G. Lee  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4033 425
Hydrogen Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass by Two-Step Gasification Method 
I.-G. Lee  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4034 431
Hydrogen Production by Steam Reforming of Bio-Oil Aqueous Fraction over Ni/CeO2-ZrO2 Catalyst 
C.-F. Yan, F.-F. Cheng, R.-R. Hu  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4035 437

HP.5 Hydrogen-Separation Membranes

State of the Art of Ceramic Membranes for Hydrogen Separation 
W.-A. Meulenberg, M.E. Ivanova, T. van Gestel, M. Bram, H.-P. Buchkremer, D. Stöver, J.M. Serra  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4036 445
Development of a Compact Steam Reformer Using a Palladium Membrane for the Production of Hydrogen 
R. Dittmeyer, J. Thormann, M. Rüttinger, B. Dittmar, A. Behrens  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4037 447
Demonstration of Highly-Efficient Distributed Hydrogen Production from Natural Gas with CO2 Capture 
H. Kurokawa, Y. Shirasaki, I. Yasuda  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4038 453


Comparison of Composite Pd-Ag and Pd-Cu Membranes over PSS Supports for Hydrogen Separation 
J.A. Calles, R. Sanz, D. Alique  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4039 459
Ceramic-supported Polymer and Carbon Membranes for Hydrogen Separation 
D. Montané, K. Briceño, R. Garcia-Valls  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4040 467
Reforming Performance of Hydrogen Production Modules Based on Membrane on Catalyst 
Y. Takagi, T. Shimamori, H. Shigaki, H. Hikosaka, H. Tanak, T. Nishii, H. Kurokawa, Y. Shirasaki, I. Yasuda  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4041 475
The Effect of Hydrogen on Transport Properties of Highly Permeable Metal Membranes 
C. Zillich, J. Roes, A. Heinzel  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4042 481

HP.6 Hydrogen Systems Assessment

Hydrogen System Assessment: Recent Trends and Insights 
J.M. Ogden  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4043 489
Utilisation of Excess Wind Power for Hydrogen Production in Northern Germany 
C. Stiller, J. Michalski  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4044 491
Techno-economic and Market Assessment of Decentralised Hydrogen Production Technologies for Early Markets in the UK 
M. Contestabile  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4045 499
Performance and Economic Competitiveness Comparison of Advanced Hydrogen Production Processes 
C. Mansilla, P. Baurens, I. Noirot, P. Carles, J. Duhamet, J. Leybros, A. Saturnin, T. Gilardi, S. Poitou, F. Le Naour, J.-C. Robin, P. Yvon  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4046 503
Hydrogen Vehicle Deployment and Required Policy Support for Roll-out Scenarios in the Dutch THRIVE Project 
B. Hoevenaars, M. Weeda, P. Lebutsch, B. v.d. Broek  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4047 509
The Prospects of Clean and Green Hydrogen in Japan 
H. Kameyama, H. Kurokawa, I. Yasuda, G.J. Kramer  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4048 517
Process Integration Analysis of an Industrial Hydrogen Production Process 
L. Tock, F. Maréchal, C. Metzger, P. Arpentinier  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4049 523


Resources of Fossil and Non-Fossil Hydrogen in the Middle East Can Make Fuel Cells an Attractive Choice for Transportation: A Survey Study 
H. Abdel-Aal, M. Bassyouni, S. M.-S. Abdel-Hamid, M. Abdelkreem  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4050 533
Comparative Analysis of Photovoltaic Power Storage Systems by Means of Batteries and Hydrogen in Remote Areas of the Amazon Region in Brazil 
A.L. Furlan, C. da Silva Pinto, N. Pimenta Neves Jr.  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4051 541
Cost Estimation of Transported Hydrogen, Produced by Overseas Wind Power Generations 
T. Watanabe, K. Murata, S. Kamiya, K.-I. Ota  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4052 547

HP.7 Photocatalysis

Water Splitting and Electricity with Semiconducting Silicides in Sunight 
M. Demuth, K. Kerpen, A. Kuklya, M.-A. Wüstkamp  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4053 561
IrO2 Nanoparticle-decorated Water Oxidation Catalysts for Semiconductor Photoanodes 
K. Hellgardt, P. Bumroongsakulsawat, S. Dennison, G.H. Kelsall  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4054 571
Double Surfactants-assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis of Cd1-xZnxS Solid Solution as an Efficient Visible-light-driven Photocatalyst for Hydrogen Production 
M. Liu, L. Guo  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4055 577
Latex-supported, Dye-sensitised, TiO2 Core Shell Spheres, for the Photocatalytic Generation of Hydrogen from Water 
C. Lorenzo, T. Maschmeyer, A.F. Masters  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4056 585


A Novel One-step Hydrothermal Method for the Preparation of Cd1-xZnxS/Titanate Nanotubes Composites for Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production 
Y. Chen, L. Guo  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4057 591
Study of ZnO-ZnS Composite as Photocatalyst in the Water Splitting Reaction 
D. Chen, A.F. Masters, T. Maschmeyer  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4058 597
Study on the Optical Properties, Crystal Growth and Photocatalytic Activity of Ni-doped TiO2 Nanoparticles 
P. Guo, L. Guo  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4059 601
Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production with Nanocomposite Photocatalysts 
S. Kaneco, T. Miwa, S.C. Verma, K. Sugihara  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4060 609
Electronic Structures and Optical Absorption Properties of Ni-doped Anatase TiO2 for Photocatalysis from First-Principles Calculation 
M. Liu, Z. Zhou, M. Li, L. Guo  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4061 613
Construction of Z-scheme Using XTiO3:Pt (X = Ca, Sr, Ba) in Combination with WO3 and BiV5O14 for Hydrogen Production from Water 
M. Ludwiczak, M. Włodarczak, M. Łaniecki  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4062 619
Mesoporous SnOx/TiO2 Materials as Photocatyst for Water Splitting Reaction 
M. Stodolny, A. Mikołajczak, M. Łaniecki  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4063 625
Modified Titanate Perovskites in Photocatalytic Water Splitting 
M. Włodarczak, M. Ludwiczak, M. Łaniecki  
http://hdl.handle.net/2128/4064 631